The "Atlas", an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), was designed to lift a nuclear warhead into a ballistic trajectory for impact on an enemy target at least 5,000 miles distance. Flight tests began in June 1957, with the first full-range flight of more than 6,000 miles taking place on 28 November 1958. It is on display at the Air Force Museum, W-P AFB, Ohio. In addition to its ICBM role, the Atlas has been the "workhorse" of America's space efforts, including Project Mercury, the placing of astronauts into orbit around the earth.
Photo by Joseph F. Morsello